Animal Liberation Victoria (ALV), PETA, Direct Action Everywhere (DxE), Compassionate Action for Animals.
Established in 1980s (ongoing)
The open rescue method was largely developed by Animal Liberation Victoria (ALV) Rescue Team, based in Melbourne. Inspired by satyagraha (non-violent resistance), the method and philosophy used by Mahatma Gandhi in the struggle for independence for India, the ALV developed this method in the 1980s and has since been conducting investigations and open rescue operations. The method of open rescue includes taking a non-human animal from a place of oppression, such as a farm, testing and breeding facilities, and other abusive industries. The rescue is usually well documented through video and photographs, with the rescuer activist(s) showing their face(s). This public expression is designed to normalise and personalise the action of rescuing non-human animals in need. Direct Action Everywhere are currently the most publicised organisation to utilise open rescues in their activism.